Classification and Predication in Data Mining - Javatpoint
Classification and Predication in Data Mining with What is Data Mining, Techniques, Architecture, History, Tools, Data Mining vs Machine Learning, Social Media Data Mining, etc.

Classification and Predication in Data Mining - Javatpoint

There are two forms of data analysis that can be used to extract models describing important classes or predict future data trends. These two forms are as follows:

We use classification and prediction to extract a model, representing the data classes to predict future data trends. Classification predicts the categorical labels of data with the prediction models. This analysis provides us with the best understanding of the data at a large scale.

Classification models predict categorical class labels, and prediction models predict continuous-valued functions. For example, we can build a classification model to categorize bank loan applications as either safe or risky or a prediction model to predict the expenditures in dollars of potential customers on computer equipment given their income and occupation.

Classification is to identify the category or the class label of a new observation. First, a set of data is used as training data. The set of input data and the corresponding outputs are given to the algorithm. So, the training data set includes the input data and their associated class labels. Using the training dataset, the algorithm derives a model or the classifier. The derived model can be a decision tree, mathematical formula, or a neural network. In classification, when unlabeled data is given to the model, it should find the class to which it belongs. The new data provided to the model is the test data set.

Classification is the process of classifying a record. One simple example of classification is to check whether it is raining or not. The answer can either be yes or no. So, there is a particular number of choices. Sometimes there can be more than two classes to classify. That is called multiclass classification.

The bank needs to analyze whether giving a loan to a particular customer is risky or not. For example, based on observable data for multiple loan borrowers, a classification model may be established that forecasts credit risk. The data could track job records, homeownership or leasing, years of residency, number, type of deposits, historical credit ranking, etc. The goal would be credit ranking, the predictors would be the other characteristics, and the data would represent a case for each consumer. In this example, a model is constructed to find the categorical label. The labels are risky or safe.

The functioning of classification with the assistance of the bank loan application has been mentioned above. There are two stages in the data classification system: classifier or model creation and classification classifier.

The data classification life cycle produces an excellent structure for controlling the flow of data to an enterprise. Businesses need to account for data security and compliance at each level. With the help of data classification, we can perform it at every stage, from origin to deletion. The data life-cycle has the following stages, such as:

Another process of data analysis is prediction. It is used to find a numerical output. Same as in classification, the training dataset contains the inputs and corresponding numerical output values. The algorithm derives the model or a predictor according to the training dataset. The model should find a numerical output when the new data is given. Unlike in classification, this method does not have a class label. The model predicts a continuous-valued function or ordered value.

Regression is generally used for prediction. Predicting the value of a house depending on the facts such as the number of rooms, the total area, etc., is an example for prediction.

For example, suppose the marketing manager needs to predict how much a particular customer will spend at his company during a sale. We are bothered to forecast a numerical value in this case. Therefore, an example of numeric prediction is the data processing activity. In this case, a model or a predictor will be developed that forecasts a continuous or ordered value function.

The major issue is preparing the data for Classification and Prediction. Preparing the data involves the following activities, such as:

Here are the criteria for comparing the methods of Classification and Prediction, such as:

The decision tree, applied to existing data, is a classification model. We can get a class prediction by applying it to new data for which the class is unknown. The assumption is that the new data comes from a distribution similar to the data we used to construct our decision tree. In many instances, this is a correct assumption, so we can use the decision tree to build a predictive model. Classification of prediction is the process of finding a model that describes the classes or concepts of information. The purpose is to predict the class of objects whose class label is unknown using this model. Below are some major differences between classification and prediction.








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